EMTprep Free Training Materials

Our Free Training Materials include articles, test day tips, study guides and training videos as well as words of advice for both your NREMT journey and EMS career.

What is chest recoil, and why is it so important?

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is one of the most fundamental skills for any EMS provider to know and perform well. It is the crux of emergency medicine, and is a truly straightforward physiologic principle: pump for the heart when it fails to do so for itself.

The rules of CPR are simple: pump hard and fast. The recommended rate of compressions is 100-120 beats/min, and the recommended depth when doing compressions on an adult is one third the depth of the chest. By doing this, the provider performing compressions is able to continuously move blood throughout the body by forcibly pushing...

So, you decided on a career in EMS, now what?

Many of us think that finding our dream career is the ultimate battle. Once we find our passion, we can pursue our dreams with bliss and never look back. However, the cold, hard, reality is that this is rarely the case, especially in EMS. The field of emergency medicine is riddled with burned out, overworked, stressed, and traumatized individuals who leave the field of EMS after only a few short years and never look back. In fact, some studies show that after leaving EMS, many experience an increase in quality of life, and often in fields unrelated to EMS1. Sadly, this is no secret to those in the field,...

Landing Zone (LZ) setup

In this video, we ask our staff Flight Medic what you need to know in the field and on the NREMT for setting up and managing a proper landing zone (LZ). Always follow your local protocols.

Chest Seal Placement

A quick overview of commercially available chest seal devices. Remember to always follow your local protocols. If using this as a study aid for the NREMT, remember that you will most likely be questioned on the 3-sided chest seal device that the instructor mentions in the video.

Wound Packing

This video reviews the proper way to pack a wound when a tourniquet is not an option. Injuries to the axilla, neck, and groin are reviewed.

Blood Flow Through the Heart Animation

This video shows you how blood flows through the heart, out to the body, and back from the lungs. Having a strong sense of cardiac A&P is critical if you're studying for the NREMT and NCLEX exams.

Monophasic vs Biophasic EMS Monitors

In this video, we discuss the major differences between monophasic monitors and biphasic monitors.

   Recertification for all levels of EMS providers is a requirement to maintain your individual certification. Maintaining your certification is a requirement for maintaining a valid license. (This can be confusing especially since these terms are used interchangeably. We’ve written an article on the differences between certification and licensure, you can view it HERE). Each level of provider has a different continuing education (CE) requirement to maintain their certification.1 In 2012, the NREMT launched the National Continued Competency Program (NCCP) to streamline the recertification process. The NCCP has three sections the EMS professional must...

    We often hear the terms “certification” and “licensure” in the context of practicing EMS in the field, but it is not always clear what separates the two. To make matters worse, the two terms are often used interchangeably, which can increase confusion and make it difficult to understand what needs to be obtained in order to practice in the field. 

    The federal government defines certification as “the process by which a non-governmental organization grants recognition to an individual who has met predetermined qualifications specified by that organization.”1 Whereas licensure is defined as “the state's grant of legal authority, pursuant to the...

What is blood lactate? And what can altered levels be an indication of?

Lactate is a product of anaerobic metabolism - which is the result of cell metabolism in the absence of sufficient oxygen. Typically, lactate is metabolized by the liver to prevent toxic accumulation in the bloodstream (1). However, in the absence of adequate tissue perfusion, these levels can accumulate and have devastating effects on the body. “Normal lactate levels are less than 1.0 mmol/L in both arterial and venous blood[…] [and] one study showed a level above 4.0mmol/L was associated with a 27% mortality rate compared with 7% for patients with a lactate of 2.5-4.0 mmol/L2”...