EMTprep Free Training Materials

Our Free Training Materials include articles, test day tips, study guides and training videos as well as words of advice for both your NREMT journey and EMS career.


  • Crew resource management comes to EMS adopted by the aviation community
  • In the 1970’s after a slew of avoidable and catastrophic human errors, the relatively nascent aviation community began to implement a system of strictly regimented check lists, defining of roles, and communication tools that have successfully alleviated many opportunities for human error.
  • Some of these systems that can be integrated into EMS


  • In EMS we are constantly taught to be hypersensitive to signs and symptoms of our patients. But why don’t we study and prepare for the signs and symptoms of a broken call?
  • We have all had them, calls...

Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA or Stroke)

Over the last decade, EMS has seen a huge push in the industry to rapidly identify and treat the signs and symptoms of strokes. Similar to how materials on early recognition of cardiac arrest and impending cardiac arrest patients has seen large advancements, the AHA is also educating the public on what to look for when someone is having a stroke. The goal of this study guide is to supplement the education our EMTprep.com memberships provide that test EMT, AEMT, EMT-I99, and Paramedic students.

We’ve said this in other study guides, but it is worth repeating: the brain requires sugar, oxygen, and a pump to...

Seizure Study Guide

At EMTprep.com, all of our employees work in the EMS field. Unanimously, they felt like seizures were one of the topics that EMT’s and Paramedics make a lot of mistakes on with their terminology. It is our opinion, that when people are making errors in terminology when speaking on a subject, they more often than not have forgotten a lot of what they were taught on that subject. Our hope with this guide, is to remind all of you what you may have forgotten over the years, and also deepen your knowledge on the subject of seizures in general. Whether you are preparing for the NREMT exam, an EMS employment exam, or just brushing up on...

Sepsis & Septic Shock Study Guide

When EMS providers are called to treat someone experiencing signs and symptoms of sepsis, the disease process is already well on its way to negatively affecting the individual. More and more studies are showing that sepsis requires rapid identification and intervention to ensure positive outcomes with our patients. Knowing this, we should be asking ourselves, what can I do to better my abilities to recognize sepsis and how can I treat it quickly?

Septic shock, is a type of shock that begins with an infection in the bloodstream. This infection eventually overloads the compensatory mechanisms in the body and when...

Bundle Branch Blocks Study Guide

One of the more confusing topics for EMS students enrolled in an Electrophysiology course is that of Bundle Branch Blocks. They can be sneaky, they can mask things, and they can also be hard to diagnose if don’t remember a few key things. This study guide will prepare you for the material you will be tested on and give you some tips and tricks for the field.

cardiac conduction

As you can recall, when an impulse is traveling normally, it is sent from the SA node, through the intermodal pathways, to the AV node, down the bundle of His, to the right and left bundle branches, to the respective fascicles, and into the purkinje fibers....

Atrioventricular Blocks Study Guide

Arguably the most difficult thing to remember in ECG class are Atrioventricular (AV) Blocks. The goal of this study guide will be to clarify any information you find confusing AND provide you with an easy way to remember the different types.

Let’s go back to some A&P. We learned that the AV junction is the area that links the atria and the ventricles. Should a person experience a problem with conduction in the AV node itself, the bundle of His, or the His-Purkinje system, they will present with an Atrioventricular Block.

We get asked many times throughout the year, how do you differentiate between the 4 types...

Diabetic Emergencies Study Guide

What Happens When the body regulates its own blood sugar levels normally?

Glucose is used in the human body for energy to perform all essential functions for a neuron all the way to a cellular level. Normally, the pancreas is the major organ responsible for regulating blood sugar levels in the body. When somebody eats a meal, glucose is transported in the blood stream which signals the pancreas to releases insulin, helping glucose move into the cells to be used as energy. If blood sugar levels become too high, the body will signal the pancreas to release insulin and the liver to convert glucose to glycogen. If blood...

Pitting Edema Study Guide

Edema is the collection of watery fluid within any cavity in the body that produces swelling in that area. It is primarily due to injury or inflammation the body has withstood from a variety of causes. These different injuries and conditions produce leaky blood vessels. When those vessels leak, they produce swelling in localized or general areas, (depending on the injury or condition). However, this isn’t always a bad thing. For example, if you are suffering from an infection, those leaky blood vessels are likely to call more white blood cells to the injured area. This helps battle infection.

In EMS, we need to evaluate...

The START Triage Method

S.T.A.R.T. = Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment

  • Developed by Hoag Memorial Hospital in Newport Beach, California.
  • This type of triage has quickly become one of the most popular forms.

RPM = Respirations, Pulse and Mentation

This is the way EMS professionals are taught to rapidly assess patient’s airway, respiration, pulse and mental status while at the scene of a MCI, or multiple casualty incident. After the assessment has been completed, the patient is placed in one of the following four categories:

  • Immediate: RED
  • Delayed: Yellow
  • Minor: Green
  • Dead/Dying: Black

It is estimated that when working...

In EMS, we have few diagnostic tools. A 12-lead ECG is one of them. The goal of this study guide is to lay the foundation for how you interpret each 12-lead ECG you run on your patients. This is by no means the end all, be all guide for 12-leads. Reading and interpreting a 12-lead ECG takes hundreds of repetitions and lots of study time. As always, follow your local protocols. No piece of information found on our website is ever meant to be a substitute for the protocols by which you operate under in your department/agency.

Axis Determination

Why do we care about axis determination?

A shifted axis may...