Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA or Stroke)
Over the last decade, EMS has seen a huge push in the industry to rapidly identify and treat the signs and symptoms of strokes. Similar to how materials on early recognition of cardiac arrest and impending cardiac arrest patients has seen large advancements, the AHA is also educating the public on what to look for when someone is having a stroke. The goal of this study guide is to supplement the education our EMTprep.com memberships provide that test EMT, AEMT, EMT-I99, and Paramedic students.
We’ve said this in other study guides, but it is worth repeating: the brain requires sugar, oxygen, and a pump to transport those items effectively. A cerebrovascular accident, also known as a stroke or CVA for short, is a sudden change in neurologic function caused by a disruption or sudden alteration in cerebral blood flow. Cerebral Blood Flow (the amount of blood being delivered to the brain) and Cerebral Perfusion Pressure (MAP – ICP) are very closely relate
Seizure Study Guide
At EMTprep.com, all of our employees work in the EMS field. Unanimously, they felt like seizures were one of the topics that EMT’s and Paramedics make a lot of mistakes on with their terminology. It is our opinion, that when people are making errors in terminology when speaking on a subject, they more often than not have forgotten a lot of what they were taught on that subject. Our hope with this guide, is to remind all of you what you may have forgotten over the years, and also deepen your knowledge on the subject of seizures in general. Whether you are preparing for the NREMT exam, an EMS employment exam, or just brushing up on your EMS knowledge, the information contained in this study guide should serve as a strong foundation.
First things first, what is a seizure?
According to a study done by Weiderholt in 2000, a ne
Sepsis & Septic Shock Study Guide
When EMS providers are called to treat someone experiencing signs and symptoms of sepsis, the disease process is already well on its way to negatively affecting the individual. More and more studies are showing that sepsis requires rapid identification and intervention to ensure positive outcomes with our patients. Knowing this, we should be asking ourselves, what can I do to better my abilities to recognize sepsis and how can I treat it quickly?
Septic shock, is a type of shock that begins with an infection in the bloodstream. This infection eventually overloads the compensatory mechanisms in the body and when left untreated, leads to shock, and eventually MODS, or multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Much like the ways in which ischemia can cause a cascade of issues in the cardiac patient, the signs and symptoms of septic shock are progressive.
How Does A Patient’s Blood Pressure Drop Because of a Bad Infection?