EMTprep Free Training Materials

Our Free Training Materials include articles, test day tips, study guides and training videos as well as words of advice for both your NREMT journey and EMS career.


One of the most invasive airway procedures that can be performed by a paramedic is a surgical cricothyrotomy. Although infrequent, this procedure could mean the difference between life and death for a patient when there are no other means of securing their airway. With that being said, surgical cricothyrotomy is only to be used when other methods for ventilating a patient are not possible, such as endotracheal intubation or the use of a BVM. We must also add, ALWAYS FOLLOW YOUR LOCAL PROTOCOLS AND PROCEDURES!!

In most cases, cricothyrotomy is not needed, as prior attempts at establishing an airway are usually successful. The incidence level for...

Beck’s Triad is a set of three cardiovascular signs that indicate cardiac tamponade. These three signs got their name from the American cardiothoracic surgeon, Dr. Claude Beck, in 1935. In order to fully make sense of Beck’s triad and what it means, it's essential to understand cardiac tamponade.

Cardiac tamponade is an acute condition in which blood surrounds the heart, putting so much pressure on it, to the point where it is unable to effectively pump blood. You can think of it essentially as something squeezing the heart until it stops.

Surrounding the heart, there is a pericardial sac that is made up of two layers. Together, these two layers...

Many emergency situations occur in which police are first on the scene, or where the police are the only ones on the scene because the scene is deemed “not safe” for EMS to enter. In many of these cases, medical treatment is needed, but EMS has not arrived yet or is unable to do so. When situations like this occur, it begs the question: should police be trained to render care before EMS is on the scene? 

In an article by Mosesso Et al., a study was conducted involving 7 suburban communities where police usually responded to the scene before EMS. In this study, police were trained to use, and equipped with AEDs in the case of a cardiac arrest, prior to...

In EMS, many skills are learned and practiced over and over to ensure that the provider is confident and capable of treating a patient in various situations. An EMS provider may spend several weeks or months learning how to properly establish an IV, intubate a patient or use the monitor during a code scenario. However, there is one skill that tends to be overlooked, and that is the skill of effective communication. Developing the ability to effectively communicate with patients, co-workers, other health care providers such as nurses and doctors, and even emergency dispatchers, cannot be undermined in this profession. To some, the skill comes quite...

EMS personnel are exposed to a number of different situations on the job that can deeply affect their mental health and well-being. Caring for the needs of others in emergency situations can put a large amount of stress on someone, especially having to do it multiple times in one day. To add to that, EMS personnel also deal with irregular schedules, lack of sleep or disruptions of their sleep and irregular eating schedules, all of which can add on to the already mounting levels of stress. It is important for each person working in the health care field to understand the effects of stress and be able to recognize and deal with it as it comes up during...

What is Dementia?

Dementia is a condition in which the brain gradually becomes impaired over a period of time. This is not to be confused with delirium, which is a sudden onset of confusion that is treatable, reversible and caused by physical or mental illness. Dementia causes short term memory loss, confusion, disorientation, difficulty learning or retaining new information and changes in behavior. The gradual decline in brain function eventually leads to the inability to perform day-to-day tasks such as driving, doing household chores, and self-care such as bathing, eating and getting dressed. Dementia commonly occurs in the elderly population and...

As an EMS provider, you are committing to a career of caring for the sick and injured in some of the worst possible situations. It is a very gratifying career, yet it is also very demanding. There is no doubt why EMS jobs are considered to be one of the most stressful career paths. Oftentimes EMS personnel do not get an adequate amount of sleep or eat properly. They are exposed to numerous stressful situations and are required to do a lot of strenuous lifting and moving. Therefore, it is extremely important for EMS personnel to maintain a healthy lifestyle both on and off the job to ensure a long lasting career. 

Maintaining good physical health...

In EMS, auscultation of the heart is often an overlooked assessment. It is largely due to lack of education and lack of an ideal environment for listening to heart tones. Auscultating heart sounds is generally not a required part of the primary or secondary assessment, however, taking the time to do so, as well as having the knowledge to accurately perform this assessment and recognize abnormalities can make a big difference in the outcome of a patient.

Auscultation

It is preferable to perform auscultation of the heart while on-scene in a quiet environment if possible. The back of the ambulance is noisy and there is a lot of movement, which makes...

The use of IV drugs comes with the risk of undesirable effects when certain drugs come in contact with each other. Drugs that produce an undesirable effect are considered to be incompatible. Drug incompatibility occurs when one drug is not of suitable composition to be mixed with another drug, resulting in chemical alteration or destruction of one or both drugs. Incompatibility reactions occur inside a fluid container or IV line. Some drug incompatibilities result in precipitation, which is the formation of solids from a liquid solution that can be visibly seen as crystals, haziness, or turbidity. Others cannot be seen, but have chemical...

BLS Childbirth

It is very rare for a pregnant woman to call for emergency services to assist with childbirth unless there are unusual circumstances, such as going into labor in an unusual place, or not having the ability to get to the hospital in time. For this reason, the unfamiliarity, as well as the possibility of complications of delivering a baby, can be stressful for the EMS provider. Remember, however, childbirth is a natural process and usually only requires facilitation of what is already happening. Often times, delivery in the field occurs in uncontrolled environments, so it is important to have a good understanding of the delivery process...