EMTprep Free Training Materials

Our Free Training Materials include articles, test day tips, study guides and training videos as well as words of advice for both your NREMT journey and EMS career.


Training Categorized: Triage

Active shooter incidents (which often devolve into mass casualty incidents) are becoming a concern across the United States, with recent statistics showing that “in 2017, there were 29 active shooter events in the United States” (1). Thus we, as EMS professionals, must be educated in our role and response to an active shooter and/or mass casualty incident situation. 

What classifies an active shooter (AS) or mass casualty incident (MCI) scenario?

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security defines an AS as “an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area; in most cases, active shooters use...

Scene Safety

Every EMS call begins with scene safety. In fact, it starts long before you ever respond to your first call. It starts with your training. Any EMS provider who has ever taken an EMS course or certification exam knows the term “BSI, Scene Safe”. If that little phrase is not verbalized before performing the patient assessment, it’s an automatic fail. That is because scene safety is the very first priority when responding to any emergency and it's extremely vital in your role as an EMS provider. Although EMS providers have an obligation to treat sick or injured patients in a timely manner, they are of no use if they become a patient as well,...

A grandstand holding more than 200 people at a high school football field has collapsed, resulting in numerous injuries of all different levels. You and your partner arrive first to the chaotic scene. You are overwhelmed as you notice the amount of patients needing help, knowing there are not enough resources available to treat them all. Fortunately, there is a simple triage system that gives you a place to begin treating the situation: START triage. START (Simple Triage and Rapid Transport) is the most commonly used triage algorithm in the US. It is a scene management system that is used when the number of patients exceeds the resources of the on-scene...

The START Triage Method

S.T.A.R.T. = Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment

  • Developed by Hoag Memorial Hospital in Newport Beach, California.
  • This type of triage has quickly become one of the most popular forms.

RPM = Respirations, Pulse and Mentation

This is the way EMS professionals are taught to rapidly assess patient’s airway, respiration, pulse and mental status while at the scene of a MCI, or multiple casualty incident. After the assessment has been completed, the patient is placed in one of the following four categories:

  • Immediate: RED
  • Delayed: Yellow
  • Minor: Green
  • Dead/Dying: Black

It is estimated that when working...