EMTprep Free Training Materials

Our Free Training Materials include articles, test day tips, study guides and training videos as well as words of advice for both your NREMT journey and EMS career.


Training Categorized: Cardiac Emergencies

Although our ability to manage strokes in the field is minimal, EMS serves a critical role in obtaining a history of the illness - specifically a patient’s last known normal. 

What changes in the AHA/ASA 2018 guidelines for stroke care are important to EMS providers?

Many of the changes made to the stroke management guidelines for 2018 are applicable only to the in-hospital setting. However, there are a few changes that have been made in regards to EMS identification and management of stroke patients in the pre-hospital setting.

The key changes to the guidelines have to do primarily with early identification of strokes using some tested stroke...

In this article, we will look at an overview of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). We will address how to recognize it, how to treat it, and we will review some of its causes. ACS is an umbrella term that encompasses:

  • Stable angina
  • Unstable angina
  • Myocardial infarctions.

ACS is most often caused by atherosclerosis, a buildup of plaque in the coronary arteries that causes vasoconstriction and a lack of blood flow. ACS can also be caused by vasospasms which cause temporary vasoconstriction and lack of blood flow. One of the most common symptoms of ACS is chest pain, however, just because a patient has chest pain does not mean that they are...

ROSC. If you’re new to EMS or are looking into Paramedic school, you may have come across this term. If so, you’re probably asking yourself three major questions:

  • What is it?
  • How do we know that we have it?
  • What do we do after we achieve it?

Let’s take a minute to examine cardiac arrest in general, so we can then define what ROSC is. Cardiac arrest is the spontaneous cessation of perfusion by the heart. The heart may continue to squeeze or fibrillate but it is no longer effectively pumping blood throughout the body. This can happen for a number of reasons, but we will focus on three primary causes. First is a traumatic event causing a...

Beck’s Triad is a set of three cardiovascular signs that indicate cardiac tamponade. These three signs got their name from the American cardiothoracic surgeon, Dr. Claude Beck, in 1935. In order to fully make sense of Beck’s triad and what it means, it's essential to understand cardiac tamponade.

Cardiac tamponade is an acute condition in which blood surrounds the heart, putting so much pressure on it, to the point where it is unable to effectively pump blood. You can think of it essentially as something squeezing the heart until it stops.

Surrounding the heart, there is a pericardial sac that is made up of two layers. Together, these two layers...