EMTprep Free Training Materials

Our Free Training Materials include articles, test day tips, study guides and training videos as well as words of advice for both your NREMT journey and EMS career.


Training Categorized: Cardiac Anatomy & Physiology

In this article, we will look at an overview of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). We will address how to recognize it, how to treat it, and we will review some of its causes. ACS is an umbrella term that encompasses:

  • Stable angina
  • Unstable angina
  • Myocardial infarctions.

ACS is most often caused by atherosclerosis, a buildup of plaque in the coronary arteries that causes vasoconstriction and a lack of blood flow. ACS can also be caused by vasospasms which cause temporary vasoconstriction and lack of blood flow. One of the most common symptoms of ACS is chest pain, however, just because a patient has chest pain does not mean that they are...