EMTprep Free Training Materials

Our Free Training Materials include articles, test day tips, study guides and training videos as well as words of advice for both your NREMT journey and EMS career.


Training Categorized: Anatomy & Physiology

In this article, we are going to cover:

  • The anatomy of the pelvis
  • Types of pelvic fractures
  • Pelvic fracture concerns
  • How to manage pelvic fractures

Anatomy of the Pelvis

            The pelvis is made from two bones. The bones join in the front, at the symphysis pubis, and in the back with the sacrum, at the sacroiliac joints. This forms a ring, and typically when a ring breaks it will break in two places. The pelvis contains ligaments that help hold the sacrum to the iliac bones, the two pubic bones at the pubic symphysis, and the sacrum to the coccyx. There are also blood vessels and nerves that run through the pelvis so if there is...

All living cells in the human body require oxygen in order to efficiently convert glucose into energy. In order for cells to receive oxygen, there needs to be adequate blood flow throughout the body so that oxygen-rich blood can deliver oxygen to the tissues and cellular respiration can occur. When there is impedance in the bodies’ ability to perfuse blood to the tissues, shock may occur. Shock occurs when there is a circulatory failure throughout the entire body, which results in cellular damage and can lead to multiple organ failures if not treated immediately.

Blood pressure is a major determinate in the perfusion of tissues because there needs to...

Acid-Base Balance/ Imbalance 

THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT SHOULD BE USED FOR TRAINING ONLY. YOU MUST FOLLOW ALL OF YOUR LOCAL PROTOCOLS WHEN PERFORMING PATIENT CARE.

            Acid-base balance is the balance between the body’s acidity and alkalinity. An acid is a hydrogen ion or proton donor. A base is a hydrogen ion or proton acceptor. Acidity and alkalinity is measured using the pH (power of hydrogen) scale. The scale ranges from 0 – 14. 0 represents the most acidic, 14 represents the most alkaline, and 7 represents neutral. The human body is slightly alkaline, with a pH ranging from 7.35 – 7.45. If the pH value in the human...