EMR - Emergency Medical Responder
Alaska does not offer an EMR license. The equivalent is ETT (Emergency Trauma Technician). The training program is 40 hours in length and teaches the basics of emergency medical care. The course has evolved considerably since it was first developed in Southeast Alaska for use in logging camps. Courses are taught by certified instructors and occur throughout the state. The ETT course can be modified to meet the particular needs of the students or the community
EMT - Emergency Medical Technician
The Emergency Medical Technician-I is equivalent to the National Standard EMT-Basic, as described in the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) curriculum, revised in 1994, excluding the use of advanced airway devices. The EMT provides basic life support such as splinting, hemorrhage control, oxygen therapy, suction, CPR and use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs). Clearly, most treatment procedures performed in any EMS System, regardless of level, are basic life support procedures. Mastery of EMT-I level knowledge and techniques must occur before moving to an EMT-II level of certification. Basic skills should be maintained regardless of certification level. Under the direct or indirect authorization of a physician, an EMT-I may assist with the administration of the patient's own epinephrine autoinjector, nitroglycerin, or handheld bronchodilator inhaler. The use of a manual external defibrillator requires separate certification as a Defibrillator Technician. The EMT-I course is at least 120 hours in length and CPR certification is a prerequisite.
EMT-II: A person applying for certification as an EMT-II must: Have successfully completed a department-approved EMT-II training course; As part of the EMT-II training course or within 30 days after successful course completion, perform 10 venipunctures, of which eight must be with catheter covered needles, all venipunctures must be witnessed by an individual who is delegated that responsibility by the course medical director and who is certified or licensed to perform venipunctures; Pass, within one year after completing the training course, the written and practical examination for EMT-II administered by the department; Provide evidence of having had, before the first day of the EMT-II training program, at least 10 patient contacts while providing care with a provider of emergency medical services or in a hospital or clinic; Be under the sponsorship of a medical director, approved by the department, who accepts the responsibilities set out in the Alaska Administration Code; and Provide evidence of a valid CPR credential.
AEMT - Advanced Emergency Medical Technician
Alaska does not offer AEMT licenses, the equivalent is EMT-III, A person applying for certification as an EMT-III must: Have a valid certification as an EMT-II; Have successfully completed a department-approved EMT-III training course; Pass, within one year after completing the training course, the written and practical examination for EMT-III administered by the department; Provide evidence of having had, before the first day of the EMT-III training program, at least 10 patient contacts while providing care as an EMT-II with a provider of emergency medical services or in a hospital or clinic; Be under the sponsorship of a medical director, approved by the department, who accepts the responsibilities set out in the Alaska Administration Code; Provide evidence of a valid CPR credential; Provide evidence of having performed, after becoming certified as an EMT-II and before the first day of the EMT-III training program, at least 10 venipunctures, of which at least eight must have been with catheter-covered needles.
EMT-P - Paramedic
To become licensed in Alaska as a Mobile Intensive Care Paramedic you must: Be 19 years of age or older; Be a high school graduate; Provide a letter from the applicant's physician sponsor verifying that the applicant will, at all times, be under the supervision of a physician sponsor approved by the board; Submit a certified copy of the applicant's paramedic education program certificate or an original letter, signed by the education program director and sent directly to the division from the program director, verifying completion of a training program that meets the requirements; Following the successful completion of the classroom and clinical portions of the board-approved curriculum, have satisfactorily completed a 480-hour internship that meets the requirements; Pass the written and practical examination for emergency medical technician-paramedic administered by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians; Submit verification of licensure from the appropriate licensing authority in each state, territory, or province where the applicant holds or has ever held a license as a paramedic or other health care professional; submit the applicable fees; and submit verification of the applicant's completion of at least two hours of education in pain management
For more information on the requirements on Alaska EMS certification click here.